The GPR characteristics make it an irreplaceable tool for the detection of buried utilities -metallic and non-metallic – and the identification of problems associated with them. This type of information is essential for the maintenance of the underground utilities, but also for providing support during the process of works planning and foundations analysis. The GPR is frequently used to delineate the stratigraphy of the subsurface, and determine the depth of bedrock in engineering of large works, dams and buildings. It is used extensively for the detection and inspection of pipes of different materials and the estimate of their size and depth, the location of water leakage points, the detection and mapping of underground tunnels, the identification and monitoring of underground wiring, as well as the detection of abandoned wells.
|Soil Humidity||Utilities Detection||Engineering Works||Tunnels and Underground Galleries||Snow and Glaciers|